More useful Windows Server 2012 CMD commands.

Posted: May 26, 2014. At: 3:04 PM. This was 3 years ago. Post ID: 7321

The route PRINT command shows the routing table. This gives some insight into your network connections.

C:\Users\Administrator>route PRINT
===========================================================================
Interface List
 18...1e 0f 6e 5d e1 25 ......Microsoft Wi-Fi Direct Virtual Adapter
 13...4c 0f 6e 5d e1 25 ......Qualcomm Atheros AR5B97 Wireless Network Adapter
 12...88 ae 1d 6d 09 bc ......Broadcom NetLink (TM) Gigabit Ethernet
 20...00 50 56 c0 00 01 ......VMware Virtual Ethernet Adapter for VMnet1
 22...00 50 56 c0 00 08 ......VMware Virtual Ethernet Adapter for VMnet8
  1...........................Software Loopback Interface 1
 19...00 00 00 00 00 00 00 e0 Microsoft ISATAP Adapter #3
 21...00 00 00 00 00 00 00 e0 Microsoft ISATAP Adapter #4
 23...00 00 00 00 00 00 00 e0 Microsoft ISATAP Adapter #5
===========================================================================
 
IPv4 Route Table
===========================================================================
Active Routes:
Network Destination        Netmask          Gateway       Interface  Metric
          0.0.0.0          0.0.0.0      172.18.31.1     172.18.31.51     25
        127.0.0.0        255.0.0.0         On-link         127.0.0.1    306
        127.0.0.1  255.255.255.255         On-link         127.0.0.1    306
  127.255.255.255  255.255.255.255         On-link         127.0.0.1    306
      172.18.31.0    255.255.255.0         On-link      172.18.31.51    281
     172.18.31.51  255.255.255.255         On-link      172.18.31.51    281
    172.18.31.255  255.255.255.255         On-link      172.18.31.51    281
    192.168.231.0    255.255.255.0         On-link     192.168.231.1    276
    192.168.231.1  255.255.255.255         On-link     192.168.231.1    276
  192.168.231.255  255.255.255.255         On-link     192.168.231.1    276
    192.168.233.0    255.255.255.0         On-link     192.168.233.1    276
    192.168.233.1  255.255.255.255         On-link     192.168.233.1    276
  192.168.233.255  255.255.255.255         On-link     192.168.233.1    276
        224.0.0.0        240.0.0.0         On-link         127.0.0.1    306
        224.0.0.0        240.0.0.0         On-link     192.168.231.1    276
        224.0.0.0        240.0.0.0         On-link     192.168.233.1    276
        224.0.0.0        240.0.0.0         On-link      172.18.31.51    281
  255.255.255.255  255.255.255.255         On-link         127.0.0.1    306
  255.255.255.255  255.255.255.255         On-link     192.168.231.1    276
  255.255.255.255  255.255.255.255         On-link     192.168.233.1    276
  255.255.255.255  255.255.255.255         On-link      172.18.31.51    281
===========================================================================
Persistent Routes:
  None
 
IPv6 Route Table
===========================================================================
Active Routes:
 If Metric Network Destination      Gateway
  1    306 ::1/128                  On-link
 20    276 fe80::/64                On-link
 22    276 fe80::/64                On-link
 13    281 fe80::/64                On-link
 13    281 fe80::c57:993b:a496:999c/128
                                    On-link
 22    276 fe80::cc3:21bc:775c:279e/128
                                    On-link
 20    276 fe80::b982:1183:1ac4:eab2/128
                                    On-link
  1    306 ff00::/8                 On-link
 20    276 ff00::/8                 On-link
 22    276 ff00::/8                 On-link
 13    281 ff00::/8                 On-link
===========================================================================
Persistent Routes:
  None

The arp -a command will print the ARP table for the current network hardware.

C:\Users\Administrator>arp -a
 
Interface: 172.18.31.51 --- 0xd
  Internet Address      Physical Address      Type
  172.18.31.1           00-26-f1-f5-03-00     dynamic
  172.18.31.255         ff-ff-ff-ff-ff-ff     static
  224.0.0.22            01-00-5e-00-00-16     static
  224.0.0.252           01-00-5e-00-00-fc     static
  255.255.255.255       ff-ff-ff-ff-ff-ff     static
 
Interface: 192.168.231.1 --- 0x14
  Internet Address      Physical Address      Type
  192.168.231.255       ff-ff-ff-ff-ff-ff     static
  224.0.0.22            01-00-5e-00-00-16     static
  224.0.0.252           01-00-5e-00-00-fc     static
 
Interface: 192.168.233.1 --- 0x16
  Internet Address      Physical Address      Type
  192.168.233.255       ff-ff-ff-ff-ff-ff     static
  224.0.0.22            01-00-5e-00-00-16     static
  224.0.0.252           01-00-5e-00-00-fc     static

Use the net user administrator command to get information about your user.

C:\Users\Administrator>net user Administrator
User name                    Administrator
Full Name
Comment                      Built-in account for administering the computer/domain
User's comment
Country/region code          000 (System Default)
Account active               Yes
Account expires              Never
 
Password last set            5/22/2014 3:20:08 AM
Password expires             7/3/2014 3:20:08 AM
Password changeable          5/22/2014 3:20:08 AM
Password required            Yes
User may change password     Yes
 
Workstations allowed         All
Logon script
User profile
Home directory
Last logon                   5/26/2014 1:51:17 PM
 
Logon hours allowed          All
 
Local Group Memberships      *Administrators
Global Group memberships     *None
The command completed successfully.

The well-known ipconfig command will return your network address.

PS C:\Users\Administrator> ipconfig
 
Windows IP Configuration
 
 
Wireless LAN adapter Local Area Connection* 11:
 
   Media State . . . . . . . . . . . : Media disconnected
   Connection-specific DNS Suffix  . :
 
Wireless LAN adapter Wi-Fi:
 
   Connection-specific DNS Suffix  . : waggit.local
   Link-local IPv6 Address . . . . . : fe80::c57:993b:a496:999c%13
   IPv4 Address. . . . . . . . . . . : 172.18.31.51
   Subnet Mask . . . . . . . . . . . : 255.255.255.0
   Default Gateway . . . . . . . . . : 172.18.31.1
 
Ethernet adapter Ethernet:
 
   Media State . . . . . . . . . . . : Media disconnected
   Connection-specific DNS Suffix  . : Home
 
Ethernet adapter VMware Network Adapter VMnet1:
 
   Connection-specific DNS Suffix  . :
   Link-local IPv6 Address . . . . . : fe80::b982:1183:1ac4:eab2%20
   IPv4 Address. . . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.231.1
   Subnet Mask . . . . . . . . . . . : 255.255.255.0
   Default Gateway . . . . . . . . . :
 
Ethernet adapter VMware Network Adapter VMnet8:
 
   Connection-specific DNS Suffix  . :
   Link-local IPv6 Address . . . . . : fe80::cc3:21bc:775c:279e%22
   IPv4 Address. . . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.233.1
   Subnet Mask . . . . . . . . . . . : 255.255.255.0
   Default Gateway . . . . . . . . . :
 
Tunnel adapter isatap.waggit.local:
 
   Media State . . . . . . . . . . . : Media disconnected
   Connection-specific DNS Suffix  . : waggit.local
 
Tunnel adapter isatap.{F0B02CC0-B57D-4BE1-8790-E3232110568F}:
 
   Media State . . . . . . . . . . . : Media disconnected
   Connection-specific DNS Suffix  . :
 
Tunnel adapter isatap.{6D496A85-668C-47FB-93CF-501C94B6B7F1}:
 
   Media State . . . . . . . . . . . : Media disconnected
   Connection-specific DNS Suffix  . :

When you are using CMD; type the powershell command to load Powershell within CMD.

C:\Users\Administrator>powershell
Windows PowerShell
Copyright (C) 2013 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
 
PS C:\Users\Administrator>

This is a useful trick. This also works in reverse.

Windows PowerShell
Copyright (C) 2013 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
 
PS C:\Users\Administrator> cmd
Microsoft Windows [Version 6.3.9600]
(c) 2013 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
 
C:\Users\Administrator>

In the example above; I loaded CMD within Powershell.

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