This is how to copy files from the local machine to your Amazon instance when you are logged into the EC2 instance via SSH.
Firstly, connect to the remote AWS instance by SSH. Then use the sftp command to connect back to your local Linux machine.
sftp -P 443 email@example.com
Then, you may use the GET command to retrieve the file or directory that you are after.
sftp> get /etc/openvpn/* Fetching /etc/openvpn/ca.crt to ca.crt /etc/openvpn/ca.crt 100% 1777 1.7KB/s 00:00 Fetching /etc/openvpn/ca.key to ca.key /etc/openvpn/ca.key 100% 1704 1.7KB/s 00:01 Fetching /etc/openvpn/client.conf to client.conf /etc/openvpn/client.conf 100% 3439 3.4KB/s 00:00 Fetching /etc/openvpn/deepthought.crt to deepthought.crt /etc/openvpn/deepthought.crt 100% 5564 5.4KB/s 00:00 Fetching /etc/openvpn/deepthought.csr to deepthought.csr /etc/openvpn/deepthought.csr 100% 1094 1.1KB/s 00:00 Fetching /etc/openvpn/deepthought.key to deepthought.key /etc/openvpn/deepthought.key 100% 1708 1.7KB/s 00:00 Fetching /etc/openvpn/deusexmachina.crt to deusexmachina.crt /etc/openvpn/deusexmachina.crt 100% 5686 5.6KB/s 00:00 Fetching /etc/openvpn/deusexmachina.csr to deusexmachina.csr /etc/openvpn/deusexmachina.csr 100% 1094 1.1KB/s 00:00 Fetching /etc/openvpn/deusexmachina.key to deusexmachina.key /etc/openvpn/deusexmachina.key 100% 1704 1.7KB/s 00:00 Fetching /etc/openvpn/dh2048.pem to dh2048.pem /etc/openvpn/dh2048.pem 100% 424 0.4KB/s 00:00 Fetching /etc/openvpn/ipp.txt to ipp.txt /etc/openvpn/ipp.txt 100% 17 0.0KB/s 00:01 Fetching /etc/openvpn/openvpn-status.log to openvpn-status.log /etc/openvpn/openvpn-status.log 100% 232 0.2KB/s 00:00 Fetching /etc/openvpn/server.conf to server.conf /etc/openvpn/server.conf 100% 10KB 10.0KB/s 00:01 Fetching /etc/openvpn/update-resolv-conf to update-resolv-conf /etc/openvpn/update-resolv-conf
This will upload all of the requested files into the current directory. This is a good way to upload a required file when you need it right now.