Fedora 17 first impressions concerning the /usr move and new / folder layout.

Posted: July 6, 2012. At: 8:39 PM. This was 5 years ago. Post ID: 4197

Fedora 17 multimedia setup tips: http://www.securitronlinux.com/fedora-core-15-package-management/. Tips on setting up the multimedia packages on Fedora Core 17. Easy MP3 codec installation. This does not install the codecs required to playback Xvid movies, but if you try to play an Xvid movie in Totem, it will pop up a message box telling you about the missing codec and you may install the codec package right there. This is what the / root folder looks like on Fedora Core 17. The /bin, /lib, /lib64 and /sbin folders have been moved into the /usr folder.

[[email protected] ~]$ ls -hula /
total 188K
dr-xr-xr-x.  18 root root 4.0K Jul  6 13:31 .
dr-xr-xr-x.  18 root root 4.0K Jul  6 13:31 ..
lrwxrwxrwx.   1 root root    7 Jul  6 12:31 bin -> usr/bin
dr-xr-xr-x.   5 root root 4.0K Jul  6 18:40 boot
drwxr-xr-x.  21 root root 4.1K Jul  6 18:39 dev
drwxr-xr-x. 117 root root  12K Jul  6 18:33 etc
drwxr-xr-x.   3 root root 4.0K Jul  6 14:04 home
lrwxrwxrwx.   1 root root    7 Jul  6 12:31 lib -> usr/lib
lrwxrwxrwx.   1 root root    9 Jul  6 12:35 lib64 -> usr/lib64
drwx------.   2 root root  16K May 23 06:46 lost+found
drwxr-xr-x.   2 root root   40 Jul  6 14:04 media
drwxr-xr-x.   2 root root 4.0K Jul  6 14:04 mnt
drwxr-xr-x.   2 root root 4.0K May 23 06:46 opt
dr-xr-xr-x. 186 root root    0 Jul  6 12:34 proc
-rw-r--r--.   1 root root 113K Jul  6 12:35 .readahead
dr-xr-x---.   8 root root 4.0K Jul  6 18:36 root
drwxr-xr-x.  34 root root 1.1K Jul  6 18:36 run
lrwxrwxrwx.   1 root root    8 Jul  6 12:31 sbin -> usr/sbin
drwxr-xr-x.   2 root root 4.0K May 23 06:46 srv
drwxr-xr-x.  13 root root    0 Jul  6 02:34 sys
drwxrwxrwt.  18 root root 4.0K Jul  6 12:48 tmp
drwxr-xr-x.  13 root root 4.0K Jul  6 13:39 usr
drwxr-xr-x.  19 root root 4.0K May 23 06:47 var

This is the resulting layout of the /usr folder, of course the / folder has the symbolic links to these folders, much of the software on Linux would be expecting this layout.

[[email protected] ~]$ ls -hula /usr
total 192K
drwxr-xr-x.  13 root root 4.0K Jul  6 13:39 .
dr-xr-xr-x.  18 root root 4.0K Jul  6 13:31 ..
dr-xr-xr-x.   2 root root  40K Jul  6 18:51 bin
drwxr-xr-x.   2 root root 4.0K May 23 06:47 etc
drwxr-xr-x.   2 root root 4.0K Jul  6 13:38 games
drwxr-xr-x.  33 root root 4.0K May 23 06:47 include
dr-xr-xr-x.  27 root root 4.0K Jul  6 17:52 lib
dr-xr-xr-x. 127 root root  68K Jul  6 18:43 lib64
drwxr-xr-x.  28 root root  12K Jul  6 13:38 libexec
drwxr-xr-x.  12 root root 4.0K May 23 06:47 local
dr-xr-xr-x.   2 root root  20K Jul  6 18:39 sbin
drwxr-xr-x. 233 root root  12K Jul  6 14:06 share
drwxr-xr-x.   4 root root 4.0K May 23 06:46 src
lrwxrwxrwx.   1 root root   10 Jul  6 02:35 tmp -> ../var/tmp
Fedora 17 Gnome Shell desktop.
Fedora 17 Gnome Shell desktop.

After installation it is recommended to run this command to install all of the pending updates: sudo yum update. The Gnome-Shell desktop works admirably, unlike the Gnome Shell desktop available for Ubuntu 12.10, all of the extensions available install without a hitch. The Zukitwo theme for the Gnome Shell desktop is a theme that I highly recommend, if you install the gnome-tweak-tool then you may configure the Gnome desktop and set it up however you wish.

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